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Computer and Information Research Scientists

Conduct research into fundamental computer and information science as theorists, designers, or inventors. Develop solutions to problems in the field of computer hardware and software.   (O'Net 15-1111.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Applications Engineer, Artificial Intelligence Specialist, Bioinformatics Software Engineer, Computational Linguist, Computational Theory Scientist, Computer Engineer, Computer Science Professor, Computer Scientist, Control System Computer Scientist, Data Scientist, Engineering Director, Information Scientist, Nanotechnologist, Process Engineer, Programmer, Programming Methodology and Languages Researcher, Research and Development Engineer, Research Scientist, Scientific Programmer Analyst, Software Development Engineer, Software Engineer, Systems Analyst, Systems Engineer, Systems Programmer
 
  • Career Video
  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
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    Career Video
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    Additional videos and more information available at
     


    Wages
    for Computer and Information Research Scientists
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    No wage data for this occupation.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Computer and Information Research Scientists
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    No trend data for this occupation.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Computer and Information Research Scientists
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Federal government, all industries 27.6%
    Computer systems design and related services 18.4%
    Scientific research and development services 12.1%
    Educational services; state, local, and private 11.1%
    Publishing industries (except Internet) 10.9%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Computer and Information Research Scientists
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  • Analyze problems to develop solutions involving computer hardware and software.
     
  • Assign or schedule tasks to meet work priorities and goals.
     
  • Evaluate project plans and proposals to assess feasibility issues.
     
  • Apply theoretical expertise and innovation to create or apply new technology, such as adapting principles for applying computers to new uses.
     
  • Consult with users, management, vendors, and technicians to determine computing needs and system requirements.
     
  • Meet with managers, vendors, and others to solicit cooperation and resolve problems.
     
  • Conduct logical analyses of business, scientific, engineering, and other technical problems, formulating mathematical models of problems for solution by computers.
     
  • Develop and interpret organizational goals, policies, and procedures.
     
  • Participate in staffing decisions and direct training of subordinates.
     
  • Develop performance standards, and evaluate work in light of established standards.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer and Information Research Scientists  updated June 2008
     


    Knowledge
    for Computer and Information Research Scientists
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  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
     
  • Communications and Media - Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
     
  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer and Information Research Scientists  updated June 2008
     


    Skills
    for Computer and Information Research Scientists
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  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Systems Analysis - Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
     
  • Systems Evaluation - Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Programming - Writing computer programs for various purposes.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
     
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer and Information Research Scientists  updated June 2010
     


    Abilities
    for Computer and Information Research Scientists
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  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Fluency of Ideas - The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
     
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer and Information Research Scientists  updated June 2008
     


    Work Activities
    for Computer and Information Research Scientists
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  • Interacting With Computers - Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Processing Information - Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
     
  • Thinking Creatively - Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Documenting/Recording Information - Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
     
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
     
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others - Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer and Information Research Scientists  updated June 2008
     


    Interests
    for Computer and Information Research Scientists
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  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
  • Artistic - Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer and Information Research Scientists  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Computer and Information Research Scientists
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  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
     
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
     
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer and Information Research Scientists  updated June 2008
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Computer and Information Research Scientists
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    No state licenses listed for this occupation.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Computer and Information Research Scientists
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  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
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  • Education: Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
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  • Training: Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
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  • Experience: Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
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    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer and Information Research Scientists  updated June 2008
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Computer and Information Research Scientists
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Artificial Intelligence.
     
    • Bioinformatics.
     
    • Computer and Information Sciences, Other.
     
    • Computer and Information Sciences, General.
     
    • Computer Science.
     
    • Informatics. (NEW)
     
    • Information Science/Studies.
     
    • Information Technology.
     
    • Medical Informatics.
     
    • Modeling, Virtual Environments and Simulation. (NEW)
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
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  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Computer and Information Research Scientists.
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  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Computer and Information Research Scientists :
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Computer and Information Research Scientists
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  • Aerospace Engineers
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  • Biochemists and Biophysicists
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  • Computer Hardware Engineers
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  • Computer Network Architects
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  • Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary
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  • Computer Systems Analysts
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  • Computer Systems Engineers/Architects
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  • Electrical Engineers
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  • Remote Sensing Scientists and Technologists
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  • Software Developers, Systems Software
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    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer and Information Research Scientists 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor