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Computer Programmers

Create, modify, and test the code, forms, and script that allow computer applications to run. Work from specifications drawn up by software developers or other individuals. May assist software developers by analyzing user needs and designing software solutions. May develop and write computer programs to store, locate, and retrieve specific documents, data, and information.   (O'Net 15-1131.00)

 
Reported job titles:   .NET Developer, Analyst Programmer, Application Programer Analyst, Application Programmer Analyst, Applications Developer, Applications Programmer   (view all job titles)
 
  • Career Video
  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
  • Other Resources
  • Related Occupations
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    Career Video
    related to Computer Programmers
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    Wages
    for Computer Programmers
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 17.32   $ 22.17   $ 32.06   $ 39.39   $ 53.67   $ 33.41  
    Yearly $36,020   $46,120   $66,680   $81,940   $111,630   $69,480  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 17.33   $ 24.55   $ 33.24   $ 41.16   $ 55.95   $ 34.72  
    Yearly $36,050   $51,070   $69,140   $85,620   $116,380   $72,220  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 17.63   $ 20.62   $ 24.81   $ 31.37   $ 45.46   $ 27.79  
    Yearly $36,660   $42,890   $51,600   $65,260   $94,560   $57,800  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 17.11   $ 19.96   $ 23.56   $ 33.61   $ 38.93   $ 26.48  
    Yearly $35,600   $41,520   $49,000   $69,920   $80,970   $55,080  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Computer Programmers
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 389 380 -0.2% 10
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Computer Programmers
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Computer systems design and related services 38.4%
    Publishing industries (except Internet) 7.1%
    Self-employed workers, all industries 5.5%
    Administrative and support services 4.9%
    Management of companies and enterprises 4.3%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Computer Programmers
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  • Correct errors by making appropriate changes and rechecking the program to ensure that the desired results are produced.
     
  • Conduct trial runs of programs and software applications to be sure they will produce the desired information and that the instructions are correct.
     
  • Write, update, and maintain computer programs or software packages to handle specific jobs such as tracking inventory, storing or retrieving data, or controlling other equipment.
     
  • Write, analyze, review, and rewrite programs, using workflow chart and diagram, and applying knowledge of computer capabilities, subject matter, and symbolic logic.
     
  • Perform or direct revision, repair, or expansion of existing programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements.
     
  • Consult with managerial, engineering, and technical personnel to clarify program intent, identify problems, and suggest changes.
     
  • Perform systems analysis and programming tasks to maintain and control the use of computer systems software as a systems programmer.
     
  • Compile and write documentation of program development and subsequent revisions, inserting comments in the coded instructions so others can understand the program.
     
  • Prepare detailed workflow charts and diagrams that describe input, output, and logical operation, and convert them into a series of instructions coded in a computer language.
     
  • Consult with and assist computer operators or system analysts to define and resolve problems in running computer programs.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Programmers  updated June 2009
     


    Knowledge
    for Computer Programmers
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  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
     
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Programmers  updated June 2009
     


    Skills
    for Computer Programmers
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  • Programming - Writing computer programs for various purposes.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Quality Control Analysis - Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Operations Analysis - Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
     
  • Systems Evaluation - Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
     
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Programmers  updated June 2010
     


    Abilities
    for Computer Programmers
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  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Mathematical Reasoning - The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Number Facility - The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Programmers  updated June 2009
     


    Work Activities
    for Computer Programmers
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  • Interacting With Computers - Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
     
  • Analyzing Data or Information - Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
     
  • Thinking Creatively - Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work - Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
     
  • Processing Information - Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Programmers  updated June 2009
     


    Interests
    for Computer Programmers
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  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
  • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Programmers  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Computer Programmers
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  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Programmers  updated June 2009
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Computer Programmers
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    No state licenses listed for this occupation.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Computer Programmers
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  • Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
  •  
  • Training: Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
  •  
  • Experience: A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Programmers  updated June 2009
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Computer Programmers
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Computer Graphics.
     
    • Computer Programming, Other.
     
    • Computer Programming, Specific Applications.
     
    • Computer Programming, Vendor/Product Certification.
     
    • Computer Programming/Programmer, General.
     
    • Computer Science.
     
    • Computer Software Technology/Technician.
     
    • Management Information Systems, General.
     
    • Medical Office Computer Specialist/Assistant.
     
    • Modeling, Virtual Environments and Simulation. (NEW)
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Computer Programmers
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  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Computer Programmers.
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Computer Programmers :
  • Computer Programmers
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Computer Programmers
    Back to Top
     
     
  • Computer Network Architects
  •  
  • Computer Systems Analysts
  •  
  • Database Administrators
  •  
  • Geospatial Information Scientists and Technologists
  •  
  • Logistics Engineers
  •  
  • Software Developers, Applications
  •  
  • Software Developers, Systems Software
  •  
  • Software Quality Assurance Engineers and Testers
  •  
  • Validation Engineers
  •  
  • Web Administrators
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Programmers 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor