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Water/Wastewater Engineers

Design or oversee projects involving provision of potable water, disposal of wastewater and sewage, or prevention of flood-related damage. Prepare environmental documentation for water resources, regulatory program compliance, data management and analysis, and field work. Perform hydraulic modeling and pipeline design.   (O'Net 17-2081.01)

 
Reported job titles:   Acting Section Chief, Assistant County Engineer, Director Water and Waste Services, Engineer and Geologist, Hydrologic Modeler, Principal Consulting Engineer, Principal Technologist, Program Manager, Project Manager, Project Manager/Design Manager, Surface Water Manager, Wastewater Design Engineer, Wastewater Engineer, Wastewater Plant Civil Engineer, Wastewater Process Engineer, Wastewater Project Engineer, Water Engineer, Water Project Engineer, Water Resources Engineer, Water Reuse Program Manager, Water Systems Designer, Water Systems Engineer, Water/Wastewater Engineer, Water/Wastewater Project Engineer, Watershed Engineer
 
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    Career Video
    related to Water/Wastewater Engineers
    Environmental Engineers photo Environmental Engineers
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    Wages
    for Environmental Engineers which includes:
                          - Water/Wastewater Engineers
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 23.27   $ 27.69   $ 35.23   $ 45.58   $ 58.58   $ 40.39  
    Yearly $48,410   $57,600   $73,290   $94,800   $121,840   $84,010  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 21.24   $ 24.36   $ 33.94   $ 45.15   $ 94.56   $ 44.15  
    Yearly $44,180   $50,670   $70,590   $93,910   $196,690   $91,820  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 25.58   $ 27.01   $ 29.39   $ 45.51   $ 58.89   $ 36.05  
    Yearly $53,210   $56,180   $61,140   $94,660   $122,490   $74,990  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 25.67   $ 30.58   $ 36.92   $ 45.86   $ 56.91   $ 38.59  
    Yearly $53,390   $63,600   $76,780   $95,380   $118,380   $80,260  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Environmental Engineers which includes:
                                  - Water/Wastewater Engineers
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 129 147 1.3% 6
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Environmental Engineers which includes:
                                - Water/Wastewater Engineers
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Architectural, engineering, and related services 29.3%
    Management, scientific, and technical consulting services 20.3%
    State government, excluding education and hospitals 15.3%
    Local government, excluding education and hospitals 6.9%
    Federal government, all industries 6.3%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Water/Wastewater Engineers
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  • Provide technical direction or supervision to junior engineers, engineering or computer-aided design (CAD) technicians, or other technical personnel.
     
  • Conduct feasibility studies for the construction of facilities, such as water supply systems, run-off collection networks, water and wastewater treatment plants, or wastewater collection systems.
     
  • Design pumping systems, pumping stations, pipelines, force mains, or sewers for the collection of wastewater.
     
  • Design domestic or industrial water or wastewater treatment plants, including advanced facilities with sequencing batch reactors (SBR), membranes, lift stations, headworks, surge overflow basins, ultraviolet disinfection systems, aerobic digesters, sludge lagoons, or control buildings.
     
  • Analyze storm water or floodplain drainage systems to control erosion, stabilize river banks, repair channel streams, or design bridges.
     
  • Design water distribution systems for potable or nonpotable water.
     
  • Design or select equipment for use in wastewater processing to ensure compliance with government standards.
     
  • Identify design alternatives for the development of new water resources.
     
  • Design water or wastewater lift stations, including water wells.
     
  • Perform hydraulic analyses of water supply systems or water distribution networks to model flow characteristics, test for pressure losses, or to identify opportunities to mitigate risks and improve operational efficiency.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Water/Wastewater Engineers  updated July 2012
     


    Knowledge
    for Water/Wastewater Engineers
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  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
     
  • Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
     
  • Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
     
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Water/Wastewater Engineers  updated July 2012
     


    Skills
    for Water/Wastewater Engineers
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  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Mathematics - Using mathematics to solve problems.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
     
  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
     
  • Systems Analysis - Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Water/Wastewater Engineers  updated July 2012
     


    Abilities
    for Water/Wastewater Engineers
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  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
     
  • Mathematical Reasoning - The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
     
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Water/Wastewater Engineers  updated July 2012
     


    Work Activities
    for Water/Wastewater Engineers
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  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Analyzing Data or Information - Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
     
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards - Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
     
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization - Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
     
  • Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment - Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work - Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
     
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships - Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Water/Wastewater Engineers  updated July 2012
     


    Interests
    for Water/Wastewater Engineers
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  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
  • Enterprising - Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Water/Wastewater Engineers  updated July 2013
     


    Work Styles
    for Water/Wastewater Engineers
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  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
     
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
     
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Water/Wastewater Engineers  updated July 2012
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Water/Wastewater Engineers
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    License Name Licensing Agency
    Engineer Vermont Secretary of State
    Office of Professional Regulation
    Board of Professional Engineering
    Wastewater/Water System Designer Vermont Secretary of State
    Office of Professional Regulation
    Wastewater/Water System Designer Licensing
     
    source: Vermont Department of Labor, Licensed & Certified Occupations in Vermont, 2015.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Water/Wastewater Engineers
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  • Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
  •  
  • Training: Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
  •  
  • Experience: A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Water/Wastewater Engineers  updated July 2012
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Water/Wastewater Engineers
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering.
     
    • Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Water/Wastewater Engineers
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  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Environmental Engineers.
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Water/Wastewater Engineers :
  • Environmental Engineers
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    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor