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Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists

Study the origins, behavior, diseases, genetics, and life processes of animals and wildlife. May specialize in wildlife research and management. May collect and analyze biological data to determine the environmental effects of present and potential use of land and water habitats.   (O'Net 19-1023.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Animal Behaviorist, Animal Biologist, Aquatic Biologist, Assistant Research Scientist, Behaviorist, Black Bear Project Leader   (view all job titles)
 
  • Career Video
  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
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    Additional videos and more information available at
     


    Wages
    for Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 21.36   $ 24.49   $ 29.63   $ 36.08   $ 42.37   $ 32.60  
    Yearly $44,430   $50,940   $61,620   $75,040   $88,130   $67,800  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 20.41   $ 22.33   $ 25.89   $ 33.18   $ 37.03   $ 27.79  
    Yearly $42,450   $46,450   $53,850   $69,010   $77,020   $57,810  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 22.01   $ 25.03   $ 28.49   $ 36.01   $ 42.65   $ 30.67  
    Yearly $45,790   $52,060   $59,260   $74,900   $88,710   $63,790  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 23.55   $ 27.50   $ 32.83   $ 37.42   $ 82.01   $ 37.64  
    Yearly $48,970   $57,210   $68,280   $77,830   $170,580   $78,290  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 102 108 0.6% 4
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    State government, excluding education and hospitals 33.4%
    Federal government, all industries 21.3%
    Management, scientific, and technical consulting services 10.1%
    Educational services; state, local, and private 7.9%
    Scientific research and development services 7.7%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
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  • Study animals in their natural habitats, assessing effects of environment and industry on animals, interpreting findings and recommending alternative operating conditions for industry.
     
  • Inventory or estimate plant and wildlife populations.
     
  • Organize and conduct experimental studies with live animals in controlled or natural surroundings.
     
  • Make recommendations on management systems and planning for wildlife populations and habitat, consulting with stakeholders and the public at large to explore options.
     
  • Disseminate information by writing reports and scientific papers or journal articles, and by making presentations and giving talks for schools, clubs, interest groups and park interpretive programs.
     
  • Study characteristics of animals such as origin, interrelationships, classification, life histories and diseases, development, genetics, and distribution.
     
  • Inform and respond to public regarding wildlife and conservation issues, such as plant identification, hunting ordinances, and nuisance wildlife.
     
  • Oversee the care and distribution of zoo animals, working with curators and zoo directors to determine the best way to contain animals, maintain their habitats and manage facilities.
     
  • Coordinate preventive programs to control the outbreak of wildlife diseases.
     
  • Analyze characteristics of animals to identify and classify them.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists  updated June 2010
     


    Knowledge
    for Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
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  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
     
  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
     
  • Communications and Media - Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
     
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists  updated June 2010
     


    Skills
    for Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
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  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
     
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
     
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists  updated June 2010
     


    Abilities
    for Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
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  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists  updated June 2010
     


    Work Activities
    for Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
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  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings - Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Interacting With Computers - Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
     
  • Documenting/Recording Information - Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
     
  • Analyzing Data or Information - Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships - Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
     
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization - Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists  updated June 2010
     


    Interests
    for Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
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  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
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  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists  updated June 2010
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
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    No state licenses listed for this occupation.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
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  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
  •  
  • Training: Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
  •  
  • Experience: Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists  updated June 2010
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Animal Behavior and Ethology.
     
    • Animal Physiology.
     
    • Ecology.
     
    • Entomology.
     
    • Marine Sciences. (NEW)
     
    • Wildlife Biology.
     
    • Wildlife, Fish and Wildlands Science and Management.
     
    • Zoology/Animal Biology, Other.
     
    • Zoology/Animal Biology.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
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  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists.
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  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists :
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
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  • Animal Scientists
  •  
  • Biologists
  •  
  • Chemists
  •  
  • Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health
  •  
  • Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health
  •  
  • Food Scientists and Technologists
  •  
  • Hydrologists
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  • Range Managers
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  • Soil and Plant Scientists
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor