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Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers

Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the Earth's internal composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, crystallographers, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.   (O'Net 19-2042.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Core Analysis Operator, Core Analyst, Crystallographer, Development Geologist, Engineering Geologist, Environmental Consultant, Environmental Field Office Manager, Environmental Geologist, Environmental Protection Geologist, Exploration Geologist, Geochemist, Geodesist, Geological Scout, Geological Specialist, Geologist, Geomagnetist, Geomorphologist, Geophysical Laboratory Director, Geophysical Laboratory Supervisor, Geophysical Prospector, Geophysicist, Geoscientist, Hydrogeologist, Invertebrate Paleontologist, Marine Geologist, Micro Paleontologist, Mine Geologist, Mineralogist, Oceanologist, Paleontologist, Petrographer, Petroleum Geologist, Petrologist, Project Geologist, Project Geophysicist, Prospector, Research Geologist, Sedimentationist, Seismologist, Soils Engineer, Stratigrapher, Volcanologist
 
  • Career Video
  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
  • Other Resources
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    Career Video
    related to Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
    Geologists photo Geologists
    Paleontologist photo Paleontologist
    Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics photo Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics
    Additional videos and more information available at
     


    Wages
    for Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 16.57   $ 25.36   $ 31.56   $ 44.56   $ 64.11   $ 37.42  
    Yearly $34,470   $52,740   $65,640   $92,670   $133,350   $77,830  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 16.33   $ 18.27   $ 31.09   $ 48.59   $ 84.05   $ 37.55  
    Yearly $33,970   $38,000   $64,660   $101,060   $174,820   $78,100  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 36 40 1.1% 1
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Architectural, engineering, and related services 22.9%
    Oil and gas extraction 22.0%
    Management, scientific, and technical consulting services 14.5%
    State government, excluding education and hospitals 7.7%
    Educational services; state, local, and private 7.1%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
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  • Analyze and interpret geological, geochemical, or geophysical information from sources such as survey data, well logs, bore holes, or aerial photos.
     
  • Plan or conduct geological, geochemical, or geophysical field studies or surveys, sample collection, or drilling and testing programs used to collect data for research or application.
     
  • Prepare geological maps, cross-sectional diagrams, charts, or reports concerning mineral extraction, land use, or resource management, using results of fieldwork or laboratory research.
     
  • Analyze and interpret geological data, using computer software.
     
  • Investigate the composition, structure, or history of the Earth's crust through the collection, examination, measurement, or classification of soils, minerals, rocks, or fossil remains.
     
  • Assess ground or surface water movement to provide advice regarding issues such as waste management, route and site selection, or the restoration of contaminated sites.
     
  • Locate and estimate probable natural gas, oil, or mineral ore deposits or underground water resources, using aerial photographs, charts, or research or survey results.
     
  • Locate and review research articles or environmental, historical, or technical reports.
     
  • Communicate geological findings by writing research papers, participating in conferences, or teaching geological science at universities.
     
  • Measure characteristics of the Earth, such as gravity or magnetic fields, using equipment such as seismographs, gravimeters, torsion balances, or magnetometers.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers  updated July 2013
     


    Knowledge
    for Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
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  • Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Geography - Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
     
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
     
  • Physics - Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
     
  • Communications and Media - Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
     
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers  updated July 2013
     


    Skills
    for Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
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  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
     
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
     
  • Mathematics - Using mathematics to solve problems.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers  updated July 2013
     


    Abilities
    for Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
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  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
     
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
     
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers  updated July 2013
     


    Work Activities
    for Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
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  • Analyzing Data or Information - Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Interacting With Computers - Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
     
  • Documenting/Recording Information - Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
     
  • Processing Information - Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others - Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Thinking Creatively - Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers  updated July 2013
     


    Interests
    for Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
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  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
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  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
     
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
     
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers  updated July 2013
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
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    No state licenses listed for this occupation.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
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  • Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
  •  
  • Training: Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
  •  
  • Experience: A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
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    source: Occupational Information Network: Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers  updated July 2013
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Geochemistry and Petrology.
     
    • Geochemistry.
     
    • Geological and Earth Sciences/Geosciences, Other.
     
    • Geology/Earth Science, General.
     
    • Geophysics and Seismology.
     
    • Marine Sciences. (NEW)
     
    • Oceanography, Chemical and Physical.
     
    • Paleontology.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
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  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers.
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers :
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    source: Occupational Information Network: Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor