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Clinical Psychologists

Diagnose or evaluate mental and emotional disorders of individuals through observation, interview, and psychological tests, and formulate and administer programs of treatment.   (O'Net 19-3031.02)

 
Reported job titles:   Behavior Analyst, Behavior Specialist, Behavior Therapist, Behavioral Analyst, Behavioral Psychologist, Behavioral Specialist   (view all job titles)
 
  • Career Video
  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
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    Career Video
    related to Clinical Psychologists
    Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists photo Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists
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    Wages
    for Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists which includes:
                          - School Psychologists
                          - Clinical Psychologists
                          - Counseling Psychologists
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 19.09   $ 23.17   $ 30.16   $ 37.75   $ 47.20   $ 32.92  
    Yearly $39,700   $48,180   $62,730   $78,530   $98,180   $68,470  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 14.41   $ 25.42   $ 37.57   $ 47.66   $ 87.71   $ 42.35  
    Yearly $29,970   $52,870   $78,150   $99,140   $182,440   $88,090  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 18.52   $ 21.58   $ 27.05   $ 34.54   $ 42.34   $ 29.67  
    Yearly $38,510   $44,880   $56,260   $71,850   $88,060   $61,710  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 24.06   $ 27.42   $ 31.91   $ 37.66   $ 42.68   $ 32.36  
    Yearly $50,040   $57,030   $66,380   $78,330   $88,780   $67,320  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists which includes:
                                  - School Psychologists
                                  - Clinical Psychologists
                                  - Counseling Psychologists
    Back to Top
    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 923 1,136 2.1% 41
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists which includes:
                                - School Psychologists
                                - Clinical Psychologists
                                - Counseling Psychologists
    Back to Top
    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Educational services; state, local, and private 32.3%
    Self-employed workers, all industries 30.6%
    Ambulatory healthcare services 15.5%
    Hospitals; state, local, and private 6.0%
    Social assistance 5.5%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Clinical Psychologists
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  • Interact with clients to assist them in gaining insight, defining goals, and planning action to achieve effective personal, social, educational, and vocational development and adjustment.
     
  • Identify psychological, emotional, or behavioral issues and diagnose disorders, using information obtained from interviews, tests, records, and reference materials.
     
  • Use a variety of treatment methods, such as psychotherapy, hypnosis, behavior modification, stress reduction therapy, psychodrama, and play therapy.
     
  • Counsel individuals and groups regarding problems, such as stress, substance abuse, and family situations, to modify behavior or to improve personal, social, and vocational adjustment.
     
  • Discuss the treatment of problems with clients.
     
  • Write reports on clients and maintain required paperwork.
     
  • Consult with or provide consultation to other doctors, therapists, or clinicians regarding patient care.
     
  • Obtain and study medical, psychological, social, and family histories by interviewing individuals, couples, or families and by reviewing records.
     
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of counseling or treatments and the accuracy and completeness of diagnoses, modifying plans and diagnoses as necessary.
     
  • Select, administer, score, and interpret psychological tests to obtain information on individuals' intelligence, achievements, interests, and personalities.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Clinical Psychologists  updated July 2012
     


    Knowledge
    for Clinical Psychologists
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  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
     
  • Therapy and Counseling - Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
     
  • Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
     
  • Personnel and Human Resources - Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
     
  • Philosophy and Theology - Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Clinical Psychologists  updated July 2012
     


    Skills
    for Clinical Psychologists
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  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
     
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Clinical Psychologists  updated July 2012
     


    Abilities
    for Clinical Psychologists
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  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
     
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
     
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
     
  • Fluency of Ideas - The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Clinical Psychologists  updated July 2012
     


    Work Activities
    for Clinical Psychologists
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  • Assisting and Caring for Others - Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People - Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
     
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships - Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
     
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others - Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
     
  • Documenting/Recording Information - Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Coaching and Developing Others - Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Clinical Psychologists  updated July 2012
     


    Interests
    for Clinical Psychologists
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  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
  • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
     
  • Artistic - Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Clinical Psychologists  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Clinical Psychologists
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  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
     
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
     
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Clinical Psychologists  updated July 2012
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Clinical Psychologists
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    License Name Licensing Agency
    Psychologist, Doctorate Vermont Secretary of State
    Office of Professional Regulation
    Board of Psychological Examiners
    Psychologist, Master Vermont Secretary of State
    Office of Professional Regulation
    Board of Psychological Examiners
     
    source: Vermont Department of Labor, Licensed & Certified Occupations in Vermont, 2015.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Clinical Psychologists
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  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
  •  
  • Training: Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
  •  
  • Experience: Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Clinical Psychologists  updated July 2012
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Clinical Psychologists
    Back to Top
     
      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Clinical Child Psychology.
     
    • Clinical Psychology.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Clinical Psychologists
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  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists.
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Clinical Psychologists :
  • Psychologists
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Clinical Psychologists
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  • Counseling Psychologists
  •  
  • Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary
  •  
  • Healthcare Social Workers
  •  
  • Home Economics Teachers, Postsecondary
  •  
  • Instructional Coordinators
  •  
  • Marriage and Family Therapists
  •  
  • Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers
  •  
  • Mental Health Counselors
  •  
  • Psychiatrists
  •  
  • Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Clinical Psychologists 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor