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Sociologists

Study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. May study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members.   (O'Net 19-3041.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Behavioral Scientist, Career Analyst, Clinical Evaluator, Clinical Sociologist, Criminologist, Disability Statistics Assistant   (view all job titles)
 
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    Wages
    for Sociologists
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    No wage data for this occupation.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Sociologists
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    No trend data for this occupation.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Sociologists
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Scientific research and development services 45.1%
    Educational services; state, local, and private 26.6%
    Local government, excluding education and hospitals 8.5%
    State government, excluding education and hospitals 6.3%
    Religious, grantmaking, civic, professional, and similar organizations 4.8%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Sociologists
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  • Prepare publications and reports containing research findings.
     
  • Analyze and interpret data in order to increase the understanding of human social behavior.
     
  • Plan and conduct research to develop and test theories about societal issues such as crime, group relations, poverty, and aging.
     
  • Collect data about the attitudes, values, and behaviors of people in groups, using observation, interviews, and review of documents.
     
  • Develop, implement, and evaluate methods of data collection, such as questionnaires or interviews.
     
  • Teach sociology.
     
  • Direct work of statistical clerks, statisticians, and others who compile and evaluate research data.
     
  • Consult with and advise individuals such as administrators, social workers, and legislators regarding social issues and policies, as well as the implications of research findings.
     
  • Collaborate with research workers in other disciplines.
     
  • Develop approaches to the solution of groups' problems, based on research findings in sociology and related disciplines.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Sociologists  updated July 2005
     


    Knowledge
    for Sociologists
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  • Sociology and Anthropology - Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Communications and Media - Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
     
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
  • History and Archeology - Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
     
  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
     
  • Philosophy and Theology - Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Sociologists  updated July 2005
     


    Skills
    for Sociologists
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  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
     
  • Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
     
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
     
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Sociologists  updated June 2010
     


    Abilities
    for Sociologists
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  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
     
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Sociologists  updated July 2005
     


    Work Activities
    for Sociologists
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  • Analyzing Data or Information - Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Processing Information - Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Thinking Creatively - Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
     
  • Interacting With Computers - Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
     
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others - Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
     
  • Training and Teaching Others - Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Sociologists  updated July 2005
     


    Interests
    for Sociologists
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  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
  • Artistic - Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
     
  • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Sociologists  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Sociologists
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  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
     
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
     
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Sociologists  updated July 2005
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Sociologists
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    No state licenses listed for this occupation.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Sociologists
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  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
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  • Education: Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
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  • Training: Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
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  • Experience: Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
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    source: Occupational Information Network: Sociologists  updated July 2005
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Sociologists
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Criminology.
     
    • Demography and Population Studies.
     
    • Research Methodology and Quantitative Methods. (NEW)
     
    • Rural Sociology. (NEW)
     
    • Sociology and Anthropology. (NEW)
     
    • Sociology.
     
    • Urban Studies/Affairs.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
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  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Sociologists.
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  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Sociologists :
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Sociologists
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    source: Occupational Information Network: Sociologists 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor