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Geographers

Study the nature and use of areas of the Earth's surface, relating and interpreting interactions of physical and cultural phenomena. Conduct research on physical aspects of a region, including land forms, climates, soils, plants, and animals, and conduct research on the spatial implications of human activities within a given area, including social characteristics, economic activities, and political organization, as well as researching interdependence between regions at scales ranging from local to global.   (O'Net 19-3092.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Biogeographer, Earth Observations Chief Scientist (NASA), Economic Geographer, Environmental Affairs Corporate Director, Environmental Scientist, Geographer   (view all job titles)
 
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    Career Video
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    Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics photo Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics
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    Wages
    for Geographers
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    No wage data for this occupation.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Geographers
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    No trend data for this occupation.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Geographers
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    No industries of employment data for this occupation.
     


    Tasks
    for Geographers
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  • Write and present reports of research findings.
     
  • Create and modify maps, graphs, or diagrams, using geographical information software and related equipment, and principles of cartography such as coordinate systems, longitude, latitude, elevation, topography, and map scales.
     
  • Gather and compile geographic data from sources including censuses, field observations, satellite imagery, aerial photographs, and existing maps.
     
  • Analyze geographic distributions of physical and cultural phenomena on local, regional, continental, or global scales.
     
  • Develop, operate, and maintain geographical information (GIS) computer systems, including hardware, software, plotters, digitizers, printers, and video cameras.
     
  • Provide consulting services in fields including resource development and management, business location and market area analysis, environmental hazards, regional cultural history, and urban social planning.
     
  • Teach geography.
     
  • Provide geographical information systems support to the private and public sectors.
     
  • Study the economic, political, and cultural characteristics of a specific region's population.
     
  • Locate and obtain existing geographic information databases.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Geographers  updated June 2008
     


    Knowledge
    for Geographers
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  • Geography - Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
     
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Sociology and Anthropology - Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
     
  • Communications and Media - Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Foreign Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Geographers  updated June 2008
     


    Skills
    for Geographers
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  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
     
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
     
  • Systems Analysis - Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Geographers  updated June 2010
     


    Abilities
    for Geographers
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  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
     
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Geographers  updated June 2008
     


    Work Activities
    for Geographers
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  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Analyzing Data or Information - Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
     
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others - Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
     
  • Interacting With Computers - Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
     
  • Processing Information - Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization - Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
     
  • Thinking Creatively - Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Geographers  updated June 2008
     


    Interests
    for Geographers
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  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
  • Artistic - Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Geographers  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Geographers
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  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
     
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
     
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Geographers  updated June 2008
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Geographers
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    No state licenses listed for this occupation.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Geographers
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  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
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  • Education: Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
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  • Training: Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
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  • Experience: Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
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    source: Occupational Information Network: Geographers  updated June 2008
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Geographers
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Geography, Other.
     
    • Geography.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Geographers
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  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Geographers.
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  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Geographers :
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Geographers
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  • Animal Scientists
  •  
  • Anthropologists
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  • Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondary
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  • Astronomers
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  • Biostatisticians
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  • Energy Engineers
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  • Geography Teachers, Postsecondary
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  • Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
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  • Political Scientists
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  • Sociologists
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    source: Occupational Information Network: Geographers 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor