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Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists

Provide social services to assist in rehabilitation of law offenders in custody or on probation or parole. Make recommendations for actions involving formulation of rehabilitation plan and treatment of offender, including conditional release and education and employment stipulations.   (O'Net 21-1092.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Adult Parole Officer, Adult Probation Officer, Attendance Officer, Certified Juvenile Probation Officer, Chief Juvenile Probation Officer (CJPO), Classification Case Manager, Classification Officer, Correctional Case Manager, Correctional Casework Specialist, Correctional Counselor, Correctional Officer, Correctional Probation Officer, Court Worker, Crime Prevention Worker, Deputy Juvenile Officer, Deputy Probation Officer (DPO), Detention Attendant, Detention Officer, Detention Worker, Drill Instructor, Family Preservation Officer, Juvenile Correctional Officer, Juvenile Detention Officer, Juvenile Probation Officer, Offender Employment Specialist (OES), Offender Job Retention Specialist, Offender Workforce Development Specialist (OWDS), Parole Agent, Parole Officer, Parole Supervisor, Pre-Parole Counseling Aide, Prisoner Classification Interviewer, Probation and Parole Officer, Probation and Patrol Agent, Probation Counselor, Probation Officer, Probation Worker, Truant Officer, Youth Probation Officer
 
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  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
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  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
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    Career Video
    related to Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
    Probation Officers photo Probation Officers
    Correctional Treatment Specialists photo Correctional Treatment Specialists
    Law, Public Safety and Security photo Law, Public Safety and Security
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    Wages
    for Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 24.13   $ 25.85   $ 28.53   $ 32.21   $ 36.51   $ 29.00  
    Yearly $50,190   $53,780   $59,340   $67,000   $75,950   $60,310  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 23.39   $ 25.70   $ 28.41   $ 32.12   $ 36.80   $ 29.01  
    Yearly $48,650   $53,450   $59,100   $66,810   $76,540   $60,340  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 228 234 0.3% 5
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    State government, excluding education and hospitals 53.5%
    Local government, excluding education and hospitals 43.7%
    Administrative and support services 1.1%
    Social assistance 1.1%
    Nursing and residential care facilities 0.5%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
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  • Interview probationers and parolees regularly to evaluate their progress in accomplishing goals and maintaining the terms specified in their probation contracts and rehabilitation plans.
     
  • Recommend remedial action or initiate court action in response to noncompliance with terms of probation or parole.
     
  • Administer drug and alcohol tests, including random drug screens of offenders, to verify compliance with substance abuse treatment programs.
     
  • Prepare and maintain case folder for each assigned inmate or offender.
     
  • Discuss with offenders how such issues as drug and alcohol abuse and anger management problems might have played roles in their criminal behavior.
     
  • Conduct prehearing and presentencing investigations and testify in court regarding offenders' backgrounds and recommended sentences and sentencing conditions.
     
  • Inform offenders or inmates of requirements of conditional release, such as office visits, restitution payments, or educational and employment stipulations.
     
  • Write reports describing offenders' progress.
     
  • Arrange for medical, mental health, or substance abuse treatment services according to individual needs or court orders.
     
  • Supervise people on community-based sentences, such as electronically monitored home detention, and provide field supervision of probationers by conducting curfew checks or visits to home, work, or school.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists  updated July 2011
     


    Knowledge
    for Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
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  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
     
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
     
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
     
  • Sociology and Anthropology - Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
     
  • Therapy and Counseling - Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists  updated July 2011
     


    Skills
    for Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
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  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
     
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists  updated July 2011
     


    Abilities
    for Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
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  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
     
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists  updated July 2011
     


    Work Activities
    for Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
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  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Documenting/Recording Information - Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
     
  • Interacting With Computers - Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards - Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
     
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work - Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
     
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships - Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
     
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization - Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists  updated July 2011
     


    Interests
    for Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
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  • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
     
  • Enterprising - Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
     
  • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
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  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
     
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists  updated July 2011
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
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    No state licenses listed for this occupation.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
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  • Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
  •  
  • Training: Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
  •  
  • Experience: A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists  updated July 2011
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Social Work.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
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  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists.
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  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists :
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
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  • Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators
  •  
  • Child, Family, and School Social Workers
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  • Educational, Guidance, School, and Vocational Counselors
  •  
  • Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs
  •  
  • Equal Opportunity Representatives and Officers
  •  
  • Human Resources Specialists
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  • Patient Representatives
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  • Residential Advisors
  •  
  • Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education
  •  
  • Social and Human Service Assistants
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor