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Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers

Conduct hearings to recommend or make decisions on claims concerning government programs or other government-related matters. Determine liability, sanctions, or penalties, or recommend the acceptance or rejection of claims or settlements.   (O'Net 23-1021.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Adjudicator, Administrative Hearing Officer, Administrative Judge, Administrative Law Judge, Appeals Examiner, Appeals Officer, Appeals Referee, Appellate Conferee, Arbitrator, Claims Adjudicator, Claims Examiner, Clinical Appeals Reviewer, Commissioner, County Ordinary, Disability Hearing Officer, Disciplinary Hearing Officer, Employment Program Representative, Hearing Examiner, Hearing Officer, Housing Court Judge, Judge, Justice of the Peace, Legal Activity Adjudicator, Ordinary, Parole Hearing Officer, Referee, Social Security Administrative Law Judge, Social Services Analyst, Surrogate, Traffic Court Referee, Unemployment Claims Adjudicator, US Administrative Law Judge (United States Administrative Law Judge), Veteran Appeals Reviewer, Workers' Compensation Claims Examiner, Workers' Compensation Commissioner, Workers' Compensation Hearings Officer, Workers' Compensation Magistrate, Workforce Advisor
 
  • Career Video
  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
  • Other Resources
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    Career Video
    related to Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
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    Wages
    for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 19.73   $ 23.06   $ 28.65   $ 44.65   $ 60.72   $ 34.12  
    Yearly $41,040   $47,970   $59,580   $92,880   $126,300   $70,970  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 19.49   $ 21.74   $ 25.85   $ 31.29   $ 55.46   $ 30.04  
    Yearly $40,540   $45,210   $53,770   $65,070   $115,360   $62,480  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 46 45 -0.2% 1
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    State government, excluding education and hospitals 51.3%
    Federal government, all industries 27.5%
    Local government, excluding education and hospitals 21.2%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
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  • Prepare written opinions and decisions.
     
  • Monitor and direct the activities of trials and hearings to ensure that they are conducted fairly and that courts administer justice while safeguarding the legal rights of all involved parties.
     
  • Determine existence and amount of liability according to current laws, administrative and judicial precedents, and available evidence.
     
  • Research and analyze laws, regulations, policies, and precedent decisions to prepare for hearings and to determine conclusions.
     
  • Conduct hearings to review and decide claims regarding issues such as social program eligibility, environmental protection, and enforcement of health and safety regulations.
     
  • Review and evaluate data on documents, such as claim applications, birth or death certificates, and physician or employer records.
     
  • Recommend the acceptance or rejection of claims or compromise settlements according to laws, regulations, policies, and precedent decisions.
     
  • Rule on exceptions, motions, and admissibility of evidence.
     
  • Confer with individuals or organizations involved in cases to obtain relevant information.
     
  • Issue subpoenas and administer oaths in preparation for formal hearings.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers  updated July 2011
     


    Knowledge
    for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
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  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
     
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
     
  • Personnel and Human Resources - Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
     
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers  updated July 2011
     


    Skills
    for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
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  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
     
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
     
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers  updated July 2011
     


    Abilities
    for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
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  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
     
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers  updated July 2011
     


    Work Activities
    for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
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  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards - Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Analyzing Data or Information - Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
     
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People - Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
     
  • Processing Information - Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Interacting With Computers - Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
     
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization - Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers  updated July 2011
     


    Interests
    for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
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  • Enterprising - Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
     
  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
  • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
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  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
     
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers  updated July 2011
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
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    No state licenses listed for this occupation.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
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  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
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  • Training: Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
  •  
  • Experience: Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers  updated July 2011
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Law.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
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  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers.
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  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers :
  • Judges and Hearing Officers
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers
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  • Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance
  •  
  • Clinical Research Coordinators
  •  
  • Education Administrators, Postsecondary
  •  
  • Equal Opportunity Representatives and Officers
  •  
  • Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates
  •  
  • Judicial Law Clerks
  •  
  • Lawyers
  •  
  • Logisticians
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  • Management Analysts
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  • Public Relations Specialists
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor