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Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials

Officiate at competitive athletic or sporting events. Detect infractions of rules and decide penalties according to established regulations. Includes all sporting officials, referees, and competition judges.   (O'Net 27-2023.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Athletic Events Scorer, Basketball Referee, Clerk of Scales, Clocker, Commissioner of Officials, Dance Critic, Director of Officiating, Diving Judge, Dog Track Kennel Manager, Dressage Judge, Handicapper, Harness Racing Handicapper, Hoof and Shoe Inspector, Horse Identifier, Horse Race Starter, Horse Race Timer, Horse Show Judge, Judge, Major League Baseball Umpire, Marshal, Paddock Judge, Patrol Judge, Pit Steward, Placing Judge, Presiding Steward, Race Starter, Racetrack Steward, Racing Secretary, Racing Secretary and Handicapper, Receiving Barn Custodian, Referee, Scoreboard Operator, Scorer, Soccer Referee, Softball Umpire, Sports Activities Foul Judge, Sports Official, Sports Statistician, Starter, Steward/Stewardess, Supervisor of Officials, Umpire, Wire Steward
 
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    Wages
    for Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
    Yearly $19,980   $31,910   $35,250   $38,580   $49,110   $35,950  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
    Yearly $19,970   $19,980   $26,030   $36,910   $44,050   $28,750  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
    Yearly $31,650   $33,100   $35,520   $37,930   $43,960   $36,380  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
    n/a - For some occupations that do not generally work full time year-round, only hourly wages or annual salaries are reported depending on how they are typically paid.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials
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    No trend data for this occupation.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Local government, excluding education and hospitals 29.2%
    Amusement, gambling, and recreation industries 23.3%
    Educational services; state, local, and private 12.9%
    Performing arts, spectator sports, and related industries 11.5%
    Religious, grantmaking, civic, professional, and similar organizations 9.7%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials
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  • Officiate at sporting events, games, or competitions, to maintain standards of play and to ensure that game rules are observed.
     
  • Judge performances in sporting competitions in order to award points, impose scoring penalties, and determine results.
     
  • Inspect sporting equipment and/or examine participants in order to ensure compliance with event and safety regulations.
     
  • Keep track of event times, including race times and elapsed time during game segments, starting or stopping play when necessary.
     
  • Signal participants or other officials to make them aware of infractions or to otherwise regulate play or competition.
     
  • Verify scoring calculations before competition winners are announced.
     
  • Resolve claims of rule infractions or complaints by participants and assess any necessary penalties, according to regulations.
     
  • Start races and competitions.
     
  • Teach and explain the rules and regulations governing a specific sport.
     
  • Verify credentials of participants in sporting events, and make other qualifying determinations such as starting order or handicap number.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials  updated December 2006
     


    Knowledge
    for Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials
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  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials  updated December 2006
     


    Skills
    for Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials
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  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Negotiation - Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
     
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
     
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
     
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials  updated June 2010
     


    Abilities
    for Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials
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  • Far Vision - The ability to see details at a distance.
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
     
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Flexibility of Closure - The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
     
  • Speed of Closure - The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
     
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials  updated December 2006
     


    Work Activities
    for Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials
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  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards - Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
     
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others - Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships - Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
     
  • Coaching and Developing Others - Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
     
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People - Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials  updated December 2006
     


    Interests
    for Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials
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  • Enterprising - Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
     
  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
  • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials
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  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
     
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
     
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials  updated December 2006
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials
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    No state licenses listed for this occupation.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials
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  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
  •  
  • Training: Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
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  • Experience: Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials  updated December 2006
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials
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    No school information for this occupation.
     


    Other Resources
    for Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials
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  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials.
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  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials :
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    source: Occupational Information Network: Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor