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Surgeons

Physicians who treat diseases, injuries, and deformities by invasive, minimally-invasive, or non-invasive surgical methods, such as using instruments, appliances, or by manual manipulation.   (O'Net 29-1067.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Assistant Professor of Surgery, Brain Surgeon, Cardiac Surgeon, Cardiothoracic Surgeon, Cardiovascular Surgeon, Colon and Rectal Surgeon   (view all job titles)
 
  • Career Video
  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
  • Other Resources
  • Related Occupations
  •  


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    Wages
    for Surgeons
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 70.75   $100.00+   $100.00+   $100.00+   $100.00+   $126.70  
    Yearly $147,150   $208,000+   $208,000+   $208,000+   $208,000+   $263,540  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 58.24   $100.00+   $100.00+   $100.00+   $100.00+   $125.49  
    Yearly $121,140   $208,000+   $208,000+   $208,000+   $208,000+   $261,010  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $100.00+   $100.00+   $100.00+   $100.00+   $100.00+   $100.00+  
    Yearly $208,000+   $208,000+   $208,000+   $208,000+   $208,000+   $208,000+  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 73.80   $ 86.27   $ 99.96   $100.00+   $100.00+   $112.35  
    Yearly $153,500   $179,440   $207,920   $208,000+   $208,000+   $233,690  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
    + This wage is equal to or greater than $100.00 per hour or $208,000 per year.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Surgeons
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 213 229 0.7% 8
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Surgeons
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Ambulatory healthcare services 71.8%
    Hospitals; state, local, and private 14.8%
    Self-employed workers, all industries 9.7%
    Educational services; state, local, and private 2.6%
    State government, excluding education and hospitals 0.8%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Surgeons
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  • Follow established surgical techniques during the operation.
     
  • Examine patient to obtain information on medical condition and surgical risk.
     
  • Operate on patients to correct deformities, repair injuries, prevent and treat diseases, or improve or restore patients' functions.
     
  • Analyze patient's medical history, medication allergies, physical condition, and examination results to verify operation's necessity and to determine best procedure.
     
  • Prescribe preoperative and postoperative treatments and procedures, such as sedatives, diets, antibiotics, and preparation and treatment of the patient's operative area.
     
  • Diagnose bodily disorders and orthopedic conditions and provide treatments, such as medicines and surgeries, in clinics, hospital wards, and operating rooms.
     
  • Provide consultation and surgical assistance to other physicians and surgeons.
     
  • Direct and coordinate activities of nurses, assistants, specialists, residents, and other medical staff.
     
  • Refer patient to medical specialist or other practitioners when necessary.
     
  • Prepare case histories.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Surgeons  updated July 2011
     


    Knowledge
    for Surgeons
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  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
     
  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
     
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Personnel and Human Resources - Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
     
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
     
  • Therapy and Counseling - Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Surgeons  updated July 2011
     


    Skills
    for Surgeons
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  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
     
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
     
  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
     
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Surgeons  updated July 2011
     


    Abilities
    for Surgeons
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  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
     
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Surgeons  updated July 2011
     


    Work Activities
    for Surgeons
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  • Assisting and Caring for Others - Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Analyzing Data or Information - Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
     
  • Documenting/Recording Information - Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships - Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
     
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public - Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
     
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others - Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Surgeons  updated July 2011
     


    Interests
    for Surgeons
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  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
  • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Surgeons  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Surgeons
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  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Surgeons  updated July 2011
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Surgeons
    Back to Top
     
    License Name Licensing Agency
    Osteopath Vermont Secretary of State
    Office of Professional Regulation
    Board of Osteopathic Physicians
    Physician / Surgeon Board of Medical Practice
    Vermont Department of Health
     
    source: Vermont Department of Labor, Licensed & Certified Occupations in Vermont, 2015.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Surgeons
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  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
  •  
  • Training: Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
  •  
  • Experience: Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Surgeons  updated July 2011
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Surgeons
    Back to Top
     
      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Colon and Rectal Surgery Residency Program.
     
    • Congenital Cardiac Surgery Residency Program. (NEW)
     
    • General Surgery Residency Program.
     
    • Neurological Surgery Residency Program.
     
    • Orthopedic Surgery of the Spine Residency Program.
     
    • Orthopedic Surgery Residency Program.
     
    • Pediatric Orthopedics Residency Program.
     
    • Pediatric Surgery Residency Program.
     
    • Plastic Surgery Residency Program.
     
    • Plastic Surgery Within the Head and Neck Residency Program. (NEW)
     
    • Surgery of the Hand Residency Program.
     
    • Surgical Critical Care Residency Program.
     
    • Thoracic Surgery Residency Program.
     
    • Vascular Surgery Residency Program.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Surgeons
    Back to Top
     
  • Health Care Careers
  • A resource of the University of Vermont, the Area Health Education Centers Program (AHEC) has four regional centers where you can learn about careers in healthcare and the college programs, finanical aide and other resoures needed to pursue that career.
     
  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Surgeons.
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Surgeons :
  • Physicians and Surgeons
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  • O*NET Online is an interactive web site for those interested in exploring occupations through O*NET, The Occupational Information Network database.   All of the descriptive information on this page comes from the O*NET database, version 18.1, released March 2014.   The O*NET database takes the place of the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) as the nation's primary source of occupational information.
  • For additional information on Surgeons , go to O*NET Online Detail Report.
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Surgeons
    Back to Top
     
     
  • Anesthesiologists
  •  
  • Dentists, General
  •  
  • Hospitalists
  •  
  • Nurse Midwives
  •  
  • Nurse Practitioners
  •  
  • Obstetricians and Gynecologists
  •  
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
  •  
  • Orthodontists
  •  
  • Pharmacists
  •  
  • Veterinarians
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Surgeons 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor