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Diagnostic Medical Sonographers

Produce ultrasonic recordings of internal organs for use by physicians.   (O'Net 29-2032.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Cardiac Sonographer, Cardiac/Vascular Sonographer, Cardiovascular Sonographer, Diagnostic Medical Sonographer, Echo Tech (Echocardiographic Technician), Medical Sonographer, Registered Diagnostic Cardiac Sonographer, Registered Diagnostic Medical Sonographer (RDMS), Sonogram Technician, Sonographer, Sonography Technician, Staff Sonographer, Ultra Sound Technician, Ultrasonic Tester, Ultrasonographer, Ultrasound Technician (Ultrasound Tech), Ultrasound Technologist (Ultrasound Tech), Ultrasound Tester, Vascular Sonographer
 
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  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
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    Wages
    for Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 26.18   $ 30.08   $ 35.52   $ 41.53   $ 46.63   $ 35.65  
    Yearly $54,450   $62,570   $73,880   $86,390   $96,980   $74,160  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 24.08   $ 27.16   $ 32.17   $ 37.82   $ 44.53   $ 32.68  
    Yearly $50,080   $56,500   $66,920   $78,670   $92,610   $67,980  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 26.25   $ 29.39   $ 34.08   $ 38.27   $ 46.25   $ 34.81  
    Yearly $54,600   $61,140   $70,880   $79,590   $96,210   $72,400  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 97 114 1.6% 4
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Hospitals; state, local, and private 59.7%
    Ambulatory healthcare services 37.6%
    Self-employed workers, all industries 0.9%
    Educational services; state, local, and private 0.8%
    Administrative and support services 0.5%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
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  • Observe screen during scan to ensure that image produced is satisfactory for diagnostic purposes, making adjustments to equipment as required.
     
  • Observe and care for patients throughout examinations to ensure their safety and comfort.
     
  • Provide sonogram and oral or written summary of technical findings to physician for use in medical diagnosis.
     
  • Select appropriate equipment settings and adjust patient positions to obtain the best sites and angles.
     
  • Operate ultrasound equipment to produce and record images of the motion, shape, and composition of blood, organs, tissues, or bodily masses, such as fluid accumulations.
     
  • Decide which images to include, looking for differences between healthy and pathological areas.
     
  • Prepare patient for exam by explaining procedure, transferring patient to ultrasound table, scrubbing skin and applying gel, and positioning patient properly.
     
  • Determine whether scope of exam should be extended, based on findings.
     
  • Obtain and record accurate patient history, including prior test results or information from physical examinations.
     
  • Maintain records that include patient information, sonographs and interpretations, files of correspondence, publications and regulations, or quality assurance records, such as pathology, biopsy, or post-operative reports.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Diagnostic Medical Sonographers  updated July 2013
     


    Knowledge
    for Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
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  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
     
  • Physics - Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
     
  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
     
  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
     
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
     
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Diagnostic Medical Sonographers  updated July 2013
     


    Skills
    for Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
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  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
     
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
     
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
     
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
     
  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Diagnostic Medical Sonographers  updated July 2013
     


    Abilities
    for Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
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  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
     
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
     
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
     
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Diagnostic Medical Sonographers  updated July 2013
     


    Work Activities
    for Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
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  • Assisting and Caring for Others - Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Documenting/Recording Information - Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
     
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
     
  • Interacting With Computers - Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
     
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public - Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
     
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships - Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
     
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others - Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
     
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards - Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Diagnostic Medical Sonographers  updated July 2013
     


    Interests
    for Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
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  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
  • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
     
  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Diagnostic Medical Sonographers  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
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  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Diagnostic Medical Sonographers  updated July 2013
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
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    No state licenses listed for this occupation.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
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  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
  •  
  • Training: Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
  •  
  • Experience: Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Diagnostic Medical Sonographers  updated July 2013
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Diagnostic Medical Sonography/Sonographer and Ultrasound Technician.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
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  • Health Care Careers
  • A resource of the University of Vermont, the Area Health Education Centers Program (AHEC) has four regional centers where you can learn about careers in healthcare and the college programs, finanical aide and other resoures needed to pursue that career.
     
  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Diagnostic Medical Sonographers.
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Diagnostic Medical Sonographers :
  • Diagnostic Medical Sonographers and Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians, Including Vascular Technologists
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
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  • Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians
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  • Computer User Support Specialists
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  • Medical Appliance Technicians
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  • Neurodiagnostic Technologists
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  • Radiation Therapists
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  • Radiologic Technologists
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  • Registered Nurses
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  • Respiratory Therapy Technicians
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    source: Occupational Information Network: Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor