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Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics

Assess injuries, administer emergency medical care, and extricate trapped individuals. Transport injured or sick persons to medical facilities.   (O'Net 29-2041.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Ambulance Driver-Paramedic, Emergency Medical Technician (EMT), Emergency Medical Technician, Basic (EMT, B), Emergency Medical Technician/Driver (EMT/DRIVER), Emergency Room Technician, EMT Intermediate (Emergency Medical Technician, Intermediate), EMT, Paramedic (Emergency Medical Technician, Paramedic), EMT-I/85, EMT-I/99, EMT-P, EMT/Dispatcher (Emergency Medical Technician/Dispatcher), EMT/Paramedic (Emergency Medical Technician/Paramedic), First Responder, Flight Paramedic, Full-time Paramedic, Multi Care Technician (Multi Care Tech), Paramedic, Rescue Worker
 
  • Career Video
  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
  • Other Resources
  • Related Occupations
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    Wages
    for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 12.37   $ 13.95   $ 16.47   $ 19.07   $ 23.97   $ 17.23  
    Yearly $25,720   $29,020   $34,260   $39,670   $49,850   $35,840  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 12.25   $ 13.53   $ 15.78   $ 18.25   $ 22.24   $ 16.29  
    Yearly $25,490   $28,150   $32,830   $37,960   $46,250   $33,890  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 13.36   $ 15.40   $ 17.57   $ 21.20   $ 25.58   $ 18.60  
    Yearly $27,790   $32,020   $36,540   $44,090   $53,220   $38,690  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 9.61   $ 12.38   $ 14.05   $ 16.49   $ 19.11   $ 14.72  
    Yearly $19,980   $25,740   $29,230   $34,300   $39,750   $30,620  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 548 624 1.3% 17
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Ambulatory healthcare services 50.3%
    Local government, excluding education and hospitals 28.8%
    Hospitals; state, local, and private 16.5%
    Administrative and support services 1.6%
    State government, excluding education and hospitals 0.5%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
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  • Administer first aid treatment or life support care to sick or injured persons in prehospital settings.
     
  • Operate equipment, such as electrocardiograms (EKGs), external defibrillators, or bag valve mask resuscitators, in advanced life support environments.
     
  • Perform emergency diagnostic and treatment procedures, such as stomach suction, airway management, or heart monitoring, during ambulance ride.
     
  • Observe, record, and report to physician the patient's condition or injury, the treatment provided, and reactions to drugs or treatment.
     
  • Assess nature and extent of illness or injury to establish and prioritize medical procedures.
     
  • Drive mobile intensive care unit to specified location, following instructions from emergency medical dispatcher.
     
  • Decontaminate ambulance interior following treatment of patient with infectious disease and report case to proper authorities.
     
  • Administer drugs, orally or by injection, or perform intravenous procedures under a physician's direction.
     
  • Immobilize patient for placement on stretcher and ambulance transport, using backboard or other spinal immobilization device.
     
  • Coordinate work with other emergency medical team members or police or fire department personnel.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics  updated July 2013
     


    Knowledge
    for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
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  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
     
  • Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
     
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
     
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
     
  • Transportation - Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics  updated July 2013
     


    Skills
    for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
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  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
     
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
     
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
     
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Learning Strategies - Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics  updated July 2013
     


    Abilities
    for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
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  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
     
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
     
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
     
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
     
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics  updated July 2013
     


    Work Activities
    for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
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  • Assisting and Caring for Others - Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
     
  • Documenting/Recording Information - Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public - Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
     
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material - Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
     
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment - Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Performing General Physical Activities - Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics  updated July 2013
     


    Interests
    for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
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  • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
     
  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
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  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics  updated July 2013
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
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    License Name Licensing Agency
    Emergency Medical Technician Emergency Medical Services Personnel Licensing
    Emergency Preparedness, Response & Injury Prevention
    Vermont Department of Health
     
    source: Vermont Department of Labor, Licensed & Certified Occupations in Vermont, 2015.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
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  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
  •  
  • Training: Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
  •  
  • Experience: Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics  updated July 2013
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic).
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
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  • Health Care Careers
  • A resource of the University of Vermont, the Area Health Education Centers Program (AHEC) has four regional centers where you can learn about careers in healthcare and the college programs, finanical aide and other resoures needed to pursue that career.
     
  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics.
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics :
  • EMTs and Paramedics
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  • O*NET™ Online
  • O*NET Online is an interactive web site for those interested in exploring occupations through O*NET, The Occupational Information Network database.   All of the descriptive information on this page comes from the O*NET database, version 18.1, released March 2014.   The O*NET database takes the place of the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) as the nation's primary source of occupational information.
  • For additional information on Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics , go to O*NET Online Detail Report.
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics
    Back to Top
     
     
  • Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians
  •  
  • Fire Inspectors
  •  
  • Municipal Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors
  •  
  • Municipal Firefighters
  •  
  • Police Patrol Officers
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  • Psychiatric Technicians
  •  
  • Radiation Therapists
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  • Radiologic Technologists
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  • Respiratory Therapists
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  • Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor