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Home Health Aides

Provide routine individualized healthcare such as changing bandages and dressing wounds, and applying topical medications to the elderly, convalescents, or persons with disabilities at the patient's home or in a care facility. Monitor or report changes in health status. May also provide personal care such as bathing, dressing, and grooming of patient.   (O'Net 31-1011.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Care Giver, Caregiver, Certified Home Health Aide (CHHA), Certified Medical Aide (CMA), Certified Nurses Aide (CNA), Companion, Direct Care Counselor, Habilitation Training Specialist, Health Care Assistant, Health Service Worker, Health Support Specialist (HSS), Home Attendant, Home Care Aide, Home Care Attendant, Home Care Giver, Home Care Provider, Home Health Aid, Home Health Aide (HHA), Home Health Attendant, Home Health Care Provider, Home Health Provider, Home Help Aide, Hospice Aide, Hospice/Home Health Aide, In Home Caregiver, Independent Living Specialist, Licensed Nursing Assistant (LNA), Nurse's Companion, Nursing Assistant, Patient Service Representative, Resident Care Aide, Residential Aide, Residential Counselor, State Tested Nursing Assistant (STNA)
 
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    Wages
    for Home Health Aides
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 10.50   $ 11.75   $ 13.26   $ 14.59   $ 15.65   $ 13.22  
    Yearly $21,830   $24,440   $27,580   $30,350   $32,560   $27,500  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 10.23   $ 11.12   $ 12.67   $ 14.12   $ 15.00   $ 12.73  
    Yearly $21,280   $23,130   $26,340   $29,370   $31,190   $26,470  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 10.76   $ 12.28   $ 13.46   $ 14.61   $ 15.37   $ 13.33  
    Yearly $22,370   $25,550   $28,000   $30,380   $31,970   $27,720  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 10.48   $ 11.68   $ 13.32   $ 14.91   $ 17.17   $ 13.42  
    Yearly $21,800   $24,300   $27,700   $31,020   $35,700   $27,900  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Home Health Aides
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 479 585 2.0% 22
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Home Health Aides
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Ambulatory healthcare services 39.2%
    Nursing and residential care facilities 26.1%
    Social assistance 25.8%
    Administrative and support services 2.4%
    Self-employed workers, all industries 2.2%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Home Health Aides
    Back to Top
     
     
  • Maintain records of patient care, condition, progress, or problems to report and discuss observations with supervisor or case manager.
     
  • Check patients' pulse, temperature, and respiration.
     
  • Provide patients with help moving in and out of beds, baths, wheelchairs, or automobiles and with dressing and grooming.
     
  • Care for patients by changing bed linens, washing and ironing laundry, cleaning, or assisting with their personal care.
     
  • Entertain, converse with, or read aloud to patients to keep them mentally healthy and alert.
     
  • Administer prescribed oral medications, under the written direction of physician or as directed by home care nurse or aide, and ensure patients take their medicine.
     
  • Plan, purchase, prepare, or serve meals to patients or other family members, according to prescribed diets.
     
  • Accompany clients to doctors' offices or on other trips outside the home, providing transportation, assistance, and companionship.
     
  • Direct patients in simple prescribed exercises or in the use of braces or artificial limbs.
     
  • Provide patients and families with emotional support and instruction in areas such as caring for infants, preparing healthy meals, living independently, or adapting to disability or illness.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Home Health Aides  updated June 2010
     


    Knowledge
    for Home Health Aides
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  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
     
  • Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
     
  • Personnel and Human Resources - Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
     
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
     
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Home Health Aides  updated June 2010
     


    Skills
    for Home Health Aides
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  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
     
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
     
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
     
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
     
  • Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Home Health Aides  updated June 2010
     


    Abilities
    for Home Health Aides
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  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
     
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Home Health Aides  updated June 2010
     


    Work Activities
    for Home Health Aides
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  • Assisting and Caring for Others - Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
     
  • Documenting/Recording Information - Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
     
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
     
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings - Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
     
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships - Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Training and Teaching Others - Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
     
  • Performing General Physical Activities - Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
     
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material - Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Home Health Aides  updated June 2010
     


    Interests
    for Home Health Aides
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  • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
     
  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Home Health Aides  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Home Health Aides
    Back to Top
     
     
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
     
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Home Health Aides  updated June 2010
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Home Health Aides
    Back to Top
     
    License Name Licensing Agency
    Nursing Assistant, Licensed (LNA) Vermont Secretary of State
    Office of Professional Regulation
    Vermont State Board of Nursing
     
    source: Vermont Department of Labor, Licensed & Certified Occupations in Vermont, 2015.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Home Health Aides
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  • Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
  •  
  • Training: Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
  •  
  • Experience: Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Home Health Aides  updated June 2010
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Home Health Aides
    Back to Top
     
      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Home Health Aide/Home Attendant.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Home Health Aides
    Back to Top
     
  • Health Care Careers
  • A resource of the University of Vermont, the Area Health Education Centers Program (AHEC) has four regional centers where you can learn about careers in healthcare and the college programs, finanical aide and other resoures needed to pursue that career.
     
  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Home Health Aides.
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Home Health Aides :
  • Home Health Aides
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  • For additional information on Home Health Aides , go to O*NET Online Detail Report.
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Home Health Aides
    Back to Top
     
     
  • Childcare Workers
  •  
  • Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria
  •  
  • Occupational Therapy Aides
  •  
  • Personal Care Aides
  •  
  • Pharmacy Technicians
  •  
  • Physical Therapist Aides
  •  
  • Psychiatric Aides
  •  
  • Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Home Health Aides 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor