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Nursing Assistants

Provide basic patient care under direction of nursing staff. Perform duties such as feed, bathe, dress, groom, or move patients, or change linens. May transfer or transport patients. Includes nursing care attendants, nursing aides, and nursing attendants.   (O'Net 31-1014.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Birth Attendant, Certified Medication Aide (CMA), Certified Nurse Aide (CNA), Certified Nurses Aide (CNA), Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA), Certified Nursing Attendant   (view all job titles)
 
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  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
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    Career Video
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    Additional videos and more information available at
     


    Wages
    for Nursing Assistants
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 10.42   $ 11.90   $ 13.54   $ 15.17   $ 17.77   $ 13.76  
    Yearly $21,680   $24,750   $28,150   $31,560   $36,970   $28,620  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 10.87   $ 12.47   $ 13.94   $ 15.69   $ 18.16   $ 14.21  
    Yearly $22,620   $25,930   $28,990   $32,640   $37,770   $29,560  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 10.35   $ 11.71   $ 13.42   $ 15.07   $ 17.53   $ 13.57  
    Yearly $21,530   $24,360   $27,910   $31,340   $36,470   $28,220  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 10.05   $ 11.14   $ 12.80   $ 14.54   $ 16.92   $ 13.20  
    Yearly $20,900   $23,180   $26,630   $30,250   $35,200   $27,470  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Nursing Assistants
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 3,607 3,949 0.9% 116
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Nursing Assistants
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Nursing and residential care facilities 53.8%
    Hospitals; state, local, and private 25.3%
    Ambulatory healthcare services 7.5%
    Social assistance 2.6%
    Administrative and support services 2.5%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Nursing Assistants
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  • Answer patient call signals, signal lights, bells, or intercom systems to determine patients' needs.
     
  • Turn or reposition bedridden patients.
     
  • Provide physical support to assist patients to perform daily living activities, such as getting out of bed, bathing, dressing, using the toilet, standing, walking, or exercising.
     
  • Review patients' dietary restrictions, food allergies, and preferences to ensure patient receives appropriate diet.
     
  • Measure and record food and liquid intake or urinary and fecal output, reporting changes to medical or nursing staff.
     
  • Record vital signs, such as temperature, blood pressure, pulse, or respiration rate, as directed by medical or nursing staff.
     
  • Gather information from caregivers, nurses, or physicians about patient condition, treatment plans, or appropriate activities.
     
  • Observe or examine patients to detect symptoms that may require medical attention, such as bruises, open wounds, or blood in urine.
     
  • Document or otherwise report observations of patient behavior, complaints, or physical symptoms to nurses.
     
  • Remind patients to take medications or nutritional supplements.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Nursing Assistants  updated July 2013
     


    Knowledge
    for Nursing Assistants
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  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
  • Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
     
  • Personnel and Human Resources - Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
     
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
     
  • Therapy and Counseling - Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
     
  • Transportation - Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Nursing Assistants  updated July 2013
     


    Skills
    for Nursing Assistants
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  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
     
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
     
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Nursing Assistants  updated July 2013
     


    Abilities
    for Nursing Assistants
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  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
     
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
     
  • Static Strength - The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Nursing Assistants  updated July 2013
     


    Work Activities
    for Nursing Assistants
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  • Assisting and Caring for Others - Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
     
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships - Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards - Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
     
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings - Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
     
  • Performing General Physical Activities - Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
     
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material - Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Nursing Assistants  updated July 2013
     


    Interests
    for Nursing Assistants
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  • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
     
  • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
     
  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Nursing Assistants  updated July 2013
     


    Work Styles
    for Nursing Assistants
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  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Nursing Assistants  updated July 2013
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Nursing Assistants
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    License Name Licensing Agency
    Nursing Assistant, Licensed (LNA) Vermont Secretary of State
    Office of Professional Regulation
    Vermont State Board of Nursing
     
    source: Vermont Department of Labor, Licensed & Certified Occupations in Vermont, 2015.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Nursing Assistants
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  • Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
  •  
  • Training: Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
  •  
  • Experience: Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Nursing Assistants  updated July 2013
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Nursing Assistants
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Health Aide.
     
    • Nursing Assistant/Aide and Patient Care Assistant/Aide.
     
    • Practical Nursing, Vocational Nursing and Nursing Assistants, Other. (NEW)
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Nursing Assistants
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  • Health Care Careers
  • A resource of the University of Vermont, the Area Health Education Centers Program (AHEC) has four regional centers where you can learn about careers in healthcare and the college programs, finanical aide and other resoures needed to pursue that career.
     
  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Nursing Assistants.
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Nursing Assistants :
  • Nursing Assistants and Orderlies
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Nursing Assistants
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    No related occupations information for this occupation.
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor