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Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors

Perform various tasks to arrange and direct funeral services, such as coordinating transportation of body to mortuary, interviewing family or other authorized person to arrange details, selecting pallbearers, aiding with the selection of officials for religious rites, and providing transportation for mourners.   (O'Net 39-4031.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Certified Mortician, Director, Embalmer, Funeral Arrangement Director, Funeral Arranger, Funeral Arrangment Director, Funeral Counselor, Funeral Director, Funeral Director / Embalmer, Funeral Director and Embalmer, Funeral Director and Mortician, Funeral Home Manager, Funeral Location Manager, Funeral Planner, Funeral Planning Counselor, Funeral Pre-arrangement Counselor, Funeral Pre-arrangement Specialist, Funeral Pre-Need Consultant, Funeral Prearrangement Counselor, Hospital Mortician, Licensed Embalmer, Licensed Funeral Director, Licensed Mortician, Location Manager, Mortician, Operations Manager, Undertaker
 
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  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
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    Wages
    for Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 14.49   $ 19.32   $ 26.54   $ 31.87   $ 51.03   $ 27.79  
    Yearly $30,140   $40,190   $55,200   $66,280   $106,150   $57,800  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 15.49   $ 19.09   $ 26.23   $ 29.26   $ 31.08   $ 24.27  
    Yearly $32,230   $39,710   $54,550   $60,860   $64,650   $50,480  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 18.48   $ 21.11   $ 25.06   $ 34.15   $ 47.98   $ 29.59  
    Yearly $38,450   $43,900   $52,130   $71,030   $99,800   $61,540  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 12.69   $ 15.00   $ 27.87   $ 37.07   $ 57.44   $ 29.61  
    Yearly $26,400   $31,210   $57,960   $77,100   $119,480   $61,590  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 129 135 0.5% 4
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Personal and laundry services 78.6%
    Self-employed workers, all industries 19.1%
    Federal government, all industries 1.1%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors
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  • Obtain information needed to complete legal documents, such as death certificates or burial permits.
     
  • Oversee the preparation and care of the remains of people who have died.
     
  • Consult with families or friends of the deceased to arrange funeral details, such as obituary notice wording, casket selection, or plans for services.
     
  • Plan, schedule, or coordinate funerals, burials, or cremations, arranging details such as floral delivery or the time and place of services.
     
  • Perform embalming duties as necessary.
     
  • Arrange for clergy members to perform needed services.
     
  • Contact cemeteries to schedule the opening and closing of graves.
     
  • Provide information on funeral service options, products, or merchandise and maintain a casket display area.
     
  • Close caskets and lead funeral corteges to churches or burial sites.
     
  • Inform survivors of benefits for which they may be eligible.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors  updated June 2008
     


    Knowledge
    for Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors
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  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
     
  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
     
  • Economics and Accounting - Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
     
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
     
  • Transportation - Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors  updated June 2008
     


    Skills
    for Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors
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  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
     
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
     
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
     
  • Negotiation - Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors  updated June 2010
     


    Abilities
    for Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors
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  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
     
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
     
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
     
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
     
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors  updated June 2008
     


    Work Activities
    for Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors
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  • Assisting and Caring for Others - Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public - Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
     
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization - Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
     
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others - Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
     
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Documenting/Recording Information - Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
     
  • Handling and Moving Objects - Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
     
  • Performing Administrative Activities - Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors  updated June 2008
     


    Interests
    for Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors
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  • Enterprising - Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
     
  • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
     
  • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors
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  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors  updated June 2008
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors
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    License Name Licensing Agency
    Embalmer Vermont Secretary of State
    Office of Professional Regulation
    Board of Funeral Service
    Funeral Director Vermont Secretary of State
    Office of Professional Regulation
    Board of Funeral Service
    Funeral Removal Personnel Vermont Secretary of State
    Office of Professional Regulation
    Board of Funeral Service
     
    source: Vermont Department of Labor, Licensed & Certified Occupations in Vermont, 2015.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors
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  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
  •  
  • Training: Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
  •  
  • Experience: Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors  updated June 2008
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Funeral Direction/Service.
     
    • Funeral Service and Mortuary Science, General.
     
    • Funeral Service and Mortuary Science, Other.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors
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  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors.
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors :
  • Funeral Service Occupations
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  • For additional information on Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors , go to O*NET Online Detail Report.
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors
    Back to Top
     
     
  • Criminal Investigators and Special Agents
  •  
  • Embalmers
  •  
  • First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers
  •  
  • First-Line Supervisors of Police and Detectives
  •  
  • First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers
  •  
  • Food Service Managers
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  • Lodging Managers
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  • Meeting, Convention, and Event Planners
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  • Police Detectives
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor