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Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers

Smooth and finish surfaces of poured concrete, such as floors, walks, sidewalks, roads, or curbs using a variety of hand and power tools. Align forms for sidewalks, curbs, or gutters; patch voids; and use saws to cut expansion joints.   (O'Net 47-2051.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Block Mason, Cement Finisher, Cement Gun Operator, Cement Mason, Cement Mason Apprentice, Cement Patcher, Cementer, Column Precaster, Concrete Fence Builder, Concrete Finisher, Concrete Finisher Apprentice, Concrete Floater, Concrete Floor Installer, Concrete Grinder Operator, Concrete Mason, Concrete Placement Equipment Operator, Concrete Pointer, Concrete Polisher, Concrete Rubber, Concrete Smoother, Concrete Stone Finisher, Concrete Swimming Pool Installer, Curb Builder, Equipment Operator, Finisher, Float Operator, Floor Grinder, Joint Finisher, Joint Setter, Mason, Operator, Swimming Pool Installer
 
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  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
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    Wages
    for Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 11.72   $ 15.41   $ 17.21   $ 18.97   $ 22.22   $ 17.00  
    Yearly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 11.01   $ 14.02   $ 17.01   $ 18.82   $ 21.16   $ 16.39  
    Yearly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 15.79   $ 16.80   $ 18.47   $ 21.86   $ 24.12   $ 19.17  
    Yearly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 12.63   $ 15.17   $ 16.87   $ 18.57   $ 21.57   $ 16.88  
    Yearly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
    n/a - For some occupations that do not generally work full time year-round, only hourly wages or annual salaries are reported depending on how they are typically paid.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 201 229 1.3% 5
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Specialty trade contractors 66.7%
    Construction of buildings 14.3%
    Heavy and civil engineering construction 10.7%
    Self-employed workers, all industries 2.2%
    Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing 2.0%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
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  • Set the forms that hold concrete to the desired pitch and depth, and align them.
     
  • Check the forms that hold the concrete to see that they are properly constructed.
     
  • Spread, level, and smooth concrete, using rake, shovel, hand or power trowel, hand or power screed, and float.
     
  • Monitor how the wind, heat, or cold affect the curing of the concrete throughout the entire process.
     
  • Direct the casting of the concrete and supervise laborers who use shovels or special tools to spread it.
     
  • Produce rough concrete surface, using broom.
     
  • Mold expansion joints and edges, using edging tools, jointers, and straightedge.
     
  • Clean chipped area, using wire brush, and feel and observe surface to determine if it is rough or uneven.
     
  • Signal truck driver to position truck to facilitate pouring concrete, and move chute to direct concrete on forms.
     
  • Apply hardening and sealing compounds to cure surface of concrete, and waterproof or restore surface.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers  updated June 2010
     


    Knowledge
    for Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
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  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
     
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
     
  • Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
     
  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
     
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers  updated June 2010
     


    Skills
    for Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
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  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Quality Control Analysis - Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers  updated June 2010
     


    Abilities
    for Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
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  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
     
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Trunk Strength - The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
     
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
     
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
     
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
     
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Extent Flexibility - The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers  updated June 2010
     


    Work Activities
    for Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
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  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material - Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
     
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment - Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
     
  • Performing General Physical Activities - Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
     
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information - Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Controlling Machines and Processes - Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
     
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People - Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers  updated June 2010
     


    Interests
    for Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
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  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
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  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers  updated June 2010
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
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    No state licenses listed for this occupation.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
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  • Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
  •  
  • Training: Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
  •  
  • Experience: Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers  updated June 2010
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Concrete Finishing/Concrete Finisher.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
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  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers.
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers :
  • Cement Masons and Terrazzo Workers
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers
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  • Brickmasons and Blockmasons
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    source: Occupational Information Network: Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor