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Plumbers

Assemble, install, or repair pipes, fittings, or fixtures of heating, water, or drainage systems, according to specifications or plumbing codes.   (O'Net 47-2152.02)

 
Reported job titles:   Commercial Plumber, Drain Cleaner, Plumber, Drain Technician, Fire Control System Installer, Green Plumber, Heating Unit Installer   (view all job titles)
 
  • Career Video
  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
  • Other Resources
  • Related Occupations
  •  


    Career Video
    related to Plumbers
    Plumbers photo Plumbers
    Architecture and Construction photo Architecture and Construction
    Additional videos and more information available at
     


    Wages
    for Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters which includes:
                          - Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters
                          - Plumbers
    Back to Top
     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 15.68   $ 20.03   $ 25.19   $ 28.95   $ 31.49   $ 24.53  
    Yearly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 18.06   $ 21.58   $ 26.24   $ 29.88   $ 33.98   $ 26.10  
    Yearly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 13.34   $ 15.45   $ 21.91   $ 27.03   $ 29.55   $ 21.39  
    Yearly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 13.05   $ 16.96   $ 23.17   $ 26.88   $ 29.29   $ 21.84  
    Yearly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
    n/a - For some occupations that do not generally work full time year-round, only hourly wages or annual salaries are reported depending on how they are typically paid.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters which includes:
                                  - Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters
                                  - Plumbers
    Back to Top
    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 1,126 1,252 1.1% 28
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters which includes:
                                - Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters
                                - Plumbers
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Specialty trade contractors 63.9%
    Self-employed workers, all industries 10.5%
    Heavy and civil engineering construction 4.5%
    Construction of buildings 4.3%
    Local government, excluding education and hospitals 2.9%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Plumbers
    Back to Top
     
     
  • Assemble pipe sections, tubing, or fittings, using couplings, clamps, screws, bolts, cement, plastic solvent, caulking, or soldering, brazing, or welding equipment.
     
  • Install pipe assemblies, fittings, valves, appliances such as dishwashers or water heaters, or fixtures such as sinks or toilets, using hand or power tools.
     
  • Keep records of work assignments.
     
  • Fill pipes or plumbing fixtures with water or air and observe pressure gauges to detect and locate leaks.
     
  • Direct helpers engaged in pipe cutting, preassembly, or installation of plumbing systems or components.
     
  • Maintain or repair plumbing by replacing defective washers, replacing or mending broken pipes, or opening clogged drains.
     
  • Locate and mark the position of pipe installations, connections, passage holes, or fixtures in structures, using measuring instruments such as rulers or levels.
     
  • Measure, cut, thread, or bend pipe to required angle, using hand or power tools or machines such as pipe cutters, pipe-threading machines, or pipe-bending machines.
     
  • Review blueprints, building codes, or specifications to determine work details or procedures.
     
  • Anchor steel supports from ceiling joists to hold pipes in place.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Plumbers  updated July 2013
     


    Knowledge
    for Plumbers
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  • Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
     
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
     
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Plumbers  updated July 2013
     


    Skills
    for Plumbers
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  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
     
  • Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
     
  • Quality Control Analysis - Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
     
  • Repairing - Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Troubleshooting - Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
     
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Plumbers  updated July 2013
     


    Abilities
    for Plumbers
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  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Extent Flexibility - The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
     
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
     
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
     
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
     
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Plumbers  updated July 2013
     


    Work Activities
    for Plumbers
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  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Performing General Physical Activities - Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Handling and Moving Objects - Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
     
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material - Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
     
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards - Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
     
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
     
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment - Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
     
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public - Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Plumbers  updated July 2013
     


    Interests
    for Plumbers
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  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
  • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
     
  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Plumbers  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Plumbers
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  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
     
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
     
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
     
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Plumbers  updated July 2013
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Plumbers
    Back to Top
     
    License Name Licensing Agency
    Plumber Fire Safety Division
    Vermont Department of Public Safety
    Fire Sprinkler Designer/Installer Fire Safety Division
    Vermont Department of Public Safety
     
    source: Vermont Department of Labor, Licensed & Certified Occupations in Vermont, 2015.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Plumbers
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  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
  •  
  • Training: Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
  •  
  • Experience: Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Plumbers  updated July 2013
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Plumbers
    Back to Top
     
      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Plumbing and Related Water Supply Services, Other.
     
    • Plumbing Technology/Plumber.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Plumbers
    Back to Top
     
  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters.
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Plumbers :
  • Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters
  •  
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  • O*NET™ Online
  • O*NET Online is an interactive web site for those interested in exploring occupations through O*NET, The Occupational Information Network database.   All of the descriptive information on this page comes from the O*NET database, version 18.1, released March 2014.   The O*NET database takes the place of the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) as the nation's primary source of occupational information.
  • For additional information on Plumbers , go to O*NET Online Detail Report.
  • Home page is at   
  •  

    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Plumbers
    Back to Top
     
     
  • Boilermakers
  •  
  • Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers
  •  
  • Forest and Conservation Workers
  •  
  • Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
  •  
  • Maintenance and Repair Workers, General
  •  
  • Millwrights
  •  
  • Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters
  •  
  • Rough Carpenters
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Plumbers 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor