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Highway Maintenance Workers

Maintain highways, municipal and rural roads, airport runways, and rights-of-way. Duties include patching broken or eroded pavement, repairing guard rails, highway markers, and snow fences. May also mow or clear brush from along road or plow snow from roadway.   (O'Net 47-4051.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Asphalt Raker, Caltrans Equipment Operator, Caltrans Landscape Maintenance Worker, Equipment Operator (EO), Flagger, Heavy Equipment Operator   (view all job titles)
 
  • Career Video
  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
  • Other Resources
  • Related Occupations
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    Career Video
    related to Highway Maintenance Workers
    Highway Maintenance Workers photo Highway Maintenance Workers
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    Wages
    for Highway Maintenance Workers
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 15.90   $ 17.38   $ 19.86   $ 22.97   $ 25.14   $ 20.24  
    Yearly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 16.06   $ 17.64   $ 20.38   $ 23.50   $ 27.26   $ 20.87  
    Yearly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 15.94   $ 17.11   $ 19.06   $ 22.31   $ 24.77   $ 19.75  
    Yearly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 15.24   $ 18.83   $ 21.33   $ 23.47   $ 25.10   $ 20.78  
    Yearly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
    n/a - For some occupations that do not generally work full time year-round, only hourly wages or annual salaries are reported depending on how they are typically paid.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Highway Maintenance Workers
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 1,453 1,566 0.8% 50
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Highway Maintenance Workers
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Local government, excluding education and hospitals 65.9%
    State government, excluding education and hospitals 27.2%
    Heavy and civil engineering construction 3.9%
    Self-employed workers, all industries 1.9%
    Administrative and support services 0.6%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Highway Maintenance Workers
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  • Flag motorists to warn them of obstacles or repair work ahead.
     
  • Set out signs and cones around work areas to divert traffic.
     
  • Perform preventative maintenance on vehicles and heavy equipment.
     
  • Drive heavy equipment and vehicles with adjustable attachments to sweep debris from paved surfaces, mow grass and weeds, remove snow and ice, and spread salt and sand.
     
  • Drive trucks to transport crews and equipment to work sites.
     
  • Haul and spread sand, gravel, and clay to fill washouts and repair road shoulders.
     
  • Dump, spread, and tamp asphalt, using pneumatic tampers, to repair joints and patch broken pavement.
     
  • Clean and clear debris from culverts, catch basins, drop inlets, ditches, and other drain structures.
     
  • Remove litter and debris from roadways, including debris from rock and mud slides.
     
  • Erect, install, or repair guardrails, road shoulders, berms, highway markers, warning signals, and highway lighting, using hand tools and power tools.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Highway Maintenance Workers  updated June 2010
     


    Knowledge
    for Highway Maintenance Workers
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  • Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
     
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
     
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Highway Maintenance Workers  updated June 2010
     


    Skills
    for Highway Maintenance Workers
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  • Operation and Control - Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
     
  • Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Equipment Maintenance - Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
     
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Troubleshooting - Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
     
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
     
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
     
  • Quality Control Analysis - Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Highway Maintenance Workers  updated June 2010
     


    Abilities
    for Highway Maintenance Workers
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  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
     
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
     
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
     
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Reaction Time - The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
     
  • Auditory Attention - The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Depth Perception - The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to judge the distance between you and an object.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Highway Maintenance Workers  updated June 2010
     


    Work Activities
    for Highway Maintenance Workers
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  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment - Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
     
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material - Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
     
  • Controlling Machines and Processes - Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
     
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment - Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
     
  • Performing General Physical Activities - Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
     
  • Estimating the Quantifiable Characteristics of Products, Events, or Information - Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities; or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
     
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards - Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Highway Maintenance Workers  updated June 2010
     


    Interests
    for Highway Maintenance Workers
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  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
  • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Highway Maintenance Workers  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Highway Maintenance Workers
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  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
     
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
     
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
     
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
     
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Highway Maintenance Workers  updated June 2010
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Highway Maintenance Workers
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    No state licenses listed for this occupation.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Highway Maintenance Workers
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  • Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
  •  
  • Training: Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
  •  
  • Experience: Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Highway Maintenance Workers  updated June 2010
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Highway Maintenance Workers
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Construction/Heavy Equipment/Earthmoving Equipment Operation.
     
    • Flagging and Traffic Control. (NEW)
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Highway Maintenance Workers
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  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Highway Maintenance Workers.
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • No handbook information for this occupation.
     
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Highway Maintenance Workers
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  • Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
  •  
  • Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
  •  
  • Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas
  •  
  • Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators
  •  
  • Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators
  •  
  • Pile-Driver Operators
  •  
  • Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers
  •  
  • Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators
  •  
  • Tree Trimmers and Pruners
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Highway Maintenance Workers 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor