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Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic

Develop programs to control machining or processing of metal or plastic parts by automatic machine tools, equipment, or systems.   (O'Net 51-4012.00)

 
Reported job titles:   CAD CAM Programmer (Computer-Aided Design Computer-Aided Manufacturing Programmer), CNC Process Control Programmer, Computer Numerical Control Programmer (CNC Programmer), Machinist, Manufacturing Engineer, Metal Numerical Control Programmer, Metal Numerical Tool Programmer, Mold Maker, Numerical Control Nesting Operator, Numerical Control Programmer (NC Programmer), Numerical Control Tool Programmer, Numerical Tool Programmer, Plastic Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmer, Process Control Programmer, Process Engineer, Programer, Programmer, Project Engineer, Sheet Metal Computer Numerically Controlled Programmer, Software Engineer, Tool and Die Maker, Tool Maker, Welding Engineer
 
  • Career Video
  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
  • Other Resources
  • Related Occupations
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    Career Video
    related to Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic
    Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers photo Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers
    Manufacturing photo Manufacturing
    Additional videos and more information available at
     


    Wages
    for Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 13.52   $ 15.52   $ 21.26   $ 27.91   $ 30.68   $ 21.81  
    Yearly $28,130   $32,290   $44,220   $58,060   $63,820   $45,360  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 13.56   $ 15.58   $ 21.45   $ 27.82   $ 30.48   $ 21.70  
    Yearly $28,210   $32,410   $44,630   $57,870   $63,390   $45,130  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 95 123 2.6% 6
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Fabricated metal product manufacturing 43.7%
    Machinery manufacturing 25.6%
    Transportation equipment manufacturing 9.7%
    Furniture and related product manufacturing 3.0%
    Administrative and support services 2.8%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic
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  • Determine the sequence of machine operations, and select the proper cutting tools needed to machine workpieces into the desired shapes.
     
  • Revise programs or tapes to eliminate errors, and retest programs to check that problems have been solved.
     
  • Analyze job orders, drawings, blueprints, specifications, printed circuit board pattern films, and design data to calculate dimensions, tool selection, machine speeds, and feed rates.
     
  • Determine reference points, machine cutting paths, or hole locations, and compute angular and linear dimensions, radii, and curvatures.
     
  • Observe machines on trial runs or conduct computer simulations to ensure that programs and machinery will function properly and produce items that meet specifications.
     
  • Compare encoded tapes or computer printouts with original part specifications and blueprints to verify accuracy of instructions.
     
  • Enter coordinates of hole locations into program memories by depressing pedals or buttons of programmers.
     
  • Write programs in the language of a machine's controller and store programs on media such as punch tapes, magnetic tapes, or disks.
     
  • Modify existing programs to enhance efficiency.
     
  • Enter computer commands to store or retrieve parts patterns, graphic displays, or programs that transfer data to other media.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic  updated December 2006
     


    Knowledge
    for Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic
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  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
     
  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
     
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
     
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Physics - Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic  updated December 2006
     


    Skills
    for Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic
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  • Programming - Writing computer programs for various purposes.
     
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
     
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
     
  • Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Mathematics - Using mathematics to solve problems.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Systems Analysis - Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic  updated June 2010
     


    Abilities
    for Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic
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  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Perceptual Speed - The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
     
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Mathematical Reasoning - The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
     
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
     
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
     
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
     
  • Flexibility of Closure - The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic  updated December 2006
     


    Work Activities
    for Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic
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  • Interacting With Computers - Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Controlling Machines and Processes - Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
     
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings - Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
     
  • Processing Information - Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Drafting, Laying Out, and Specifying Technical Devices, Parts, and Equipment - Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to tell others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic  updated December 2006
     


    Interests
    for Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic
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  • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
     
  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic
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  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic  updated December 2006
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic
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    No state licenses listed for this occupation.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic
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  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
  •  
  • Training: Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
  •  
  • Experience: Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic  updated December 2006
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) Machinist Technology/CNC Machinist. (NEW)
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic
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  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic.
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  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic :
  • Metal and Plastic Machine Workers
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    Related Occupations
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    source: Occupational Information Network: Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor