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Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

Set up, operate, or tend heating equipment, such as heat-treating furnaces, flame-hardening machines, induction machines, soaking pits, or vacuum equipment to temper, harden, anneal, or heat-treat metal or plastic objects.   (O'Net 51-4191.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Annealer, Annealing Furnace Operator, Annealing Furnace Tender, Annealing Oven Operator, Annealing Torch Operator, Bagger, Base-Draw Operator, Batch Heat Treat Operator, Batch Operator, Billet Heater, Billet Heater Operator, Box Annealer, Burner, Burner Machine Operator, Carbonizer, Carburizing Furnace Operator, Case Hardener, Charger, Charger Operator, Coating Line Worker, Crack Off Person, Cyanide Case Hardener, Cyanide Furnace Operator, Cyanide Pot Hardener, Cyanide Pot Tender, Dental Amalgam Processor, Die Hardener, Draw Fire Operator, Face Hardener, Fagot Heater, Flame Annealing Machine Setter, Flame Hardener, Flame Hardening Machine Operator, Flame Hardening Machine Setter, Forge Heater, Furnace Feeder, Furnace Operator, Hardener, Heat Regulator, Heat Treat Furnace Operator, Heat Treat Operator, Heat Treat Technician, Heat Treater, Heat Treater Apprentice, Heat Treating Bluer, Heat Treating Furnace Tender, Heat Treating Operator, Hot Mill Worker, Induction Heat Treater, Induction Machine Operator, Induction Machine Setter, Lead Burner Apprentice, Machine Operator, Manufacturing Assistant, Manufacturing Associate, Manufacturing Operator, Metal and Plastic Heater, Metal and Plastic Heating Equipment Setter, Metal Annealer, Metal Hardener, Metal Temperer, Metal Treater, Muffle Operator, Normalizer, Oven Operator, Parts Processor, Peelman, Pit Furnace Operator, Plate Furnace Operator, Preparatory Technician, Production Hardener, Pulpit Operator, Pusher, Quenching Machine Operator, Reheater, Rivet Heater, Scarf and Anneal Operator, Sheet Heater, Sinter Feeder, Slab Depiler Operator, Soaking Pit Operator, Spike Machine Heater, Steel Heater, Stove Tender, Temperer, Tempering Oven Operator, Tool Hardener, Torch Operator, Tube Heater, Wire Annealer, Wire Temperer
 
  • Career Video
  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
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    Career Video
    related to Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
    Machine Setters and Tenders photo Machine Setters and Tenders
    Manufacturing photo Manufacturing
    Additional videos and more information available at
     


    Wages
    for Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
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    No wage data for this occupation.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
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    No trend data for this occupation.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Fabricated metal product manufacturing 48.8%
    Primary metal manufacturing 19.1%
    Transportation equipment manufacturing 9.8%
    Plastics and rubber products manufacturing 7.3%
    Machinery manufacturing 4.6%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
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  • Read production schedules and work orders to determine processing sequences, furnace temperatures, and heat cycle requirements for objects to be heat-treated.
     
  • Record times that parts are removed from furnaces to document that objects have attained specified temperatures for specified times.
     
  • Set up and operate or tend machines, such as furnaces, baths, flame-hardening machines, and electronic induction machines, that harden, anneal, and heat-treat metal.
     
  • Determine types and temperatures of baths and quenching media needed to attain specified part hardness, toughness, and ductility, using heat-treating charts and knowledge of methods, equipment, and metals.
     
  • Remove parts from furnaces after specified times, and air dry or cool parts in water, oil brine, or other baths.
     
  • Position stock in furnaces, using tongs, chain hoists, or pry bars.
     
  • Instruct new workers in machine operation.
     
  • Adjust controls to maintain temperatures and heating times, using thermal instruments and charts, dials and gauges of furnaces, and color of stock in furnaces to make setting determinations.
     
  • Determine flame temperatures, current frequencies, heating cycles, and induction heating coils needed, based on degree of hardness required and properties of stock to be treated.
     
  • Load parts into containers and place containers on conveyors to be inserted into furnaces, or insert parts into furnaces.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic  updated December 2006
     


    Knowledge
    for Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
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  • Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
     
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
     
  • Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
     
  • Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic  updated December 2006
     


    Skills
    for Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
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  • Operation and Control - Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
     
  • Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
     
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Quality Control Analysis - Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic  updated June 2010
     


    Abilities
    for Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
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  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
     
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
     
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Reaction Time - The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
     
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
     
  • Static Strength - The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
     
  • Control Precision - The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
     
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic  updated December 2006
     


    Work Activities
    for Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
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  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Controlling Machines and Processes - Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
     
  • Handling and Moving Objects - Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
     
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards - Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
     
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
     
  • Performing General Physical Activities - Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
     
  • Documenting/Recording Information - Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
     
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings - Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment - Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic  updated December 2006
     


    Interests
    for Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
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  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
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  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
     
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic  updated December 2006
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
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    No state licenses listed for this occupation.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
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  • Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed
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  • Education: These occupations usually require a high school diploma.
  •  
  • Training: Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
  •  
  • Experience: Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.
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    source: Occupational Information Network: Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic  updated December 2006
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Machine Shop Technology/Assistant.
     
    • Machine Tool Technology/Machinist.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
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  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic.
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  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic :
  • Metal and Plastic Machine Workers
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
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  • Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders
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  • Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
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    source: Occupational Information Network: Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor